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Medical Errors
Prevention and Patient Safety

You can take the test without obligation. To earn CE credit, you need to pass the test, complete an evaluation, and register/pay for your Certificate of Completion. Your Certificate will be delivered online immediately upon completing the course registration. (There is no charge for free courses and online certificate delivery.)

  • You must score 70% or better to pass this test.
  • Select one answer for each question.
  • Review your selections before submitting the test for grading.
Test Question

1. Which is a correct statement about the scope of the problem of medical errors?

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2. An adverse event is defined as:

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3. Which is an example of a near miss?

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4. According to the Joint Commission, a patient safety event that results in death, permanent or temporary harm, and intervention required to sustain life is referred to as a(an):

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5. The National Quality Forum’s list of extremely rare serious reportable events (SREs) are also referred to as:

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6. A nurse floating to another unit begins preparing a continuous IV heparin infusion. Microdrip and macrodrip tubing are stored in bins next to each other on the supply cart. The placement of the bins on the supply cart is different from the unit in which the nurse normally works. The nurse mistakenly uses the macrodrip instead of the microdrip tubing, resulting in a drug overdose to the patient. This scenario is described as:

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7. The most common cause of medical errors is:

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8. Which is a correct statement about surgical errors?

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9. To reduce the risk of wrong-site, wrong-procedure, and wrong-person errors, the Joint Commission’s Universal Protocol introduced the concept of:

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10. Which is a correct statement about a surgical safety checklist?

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11. A clinician makes a diagnosis of myocardial infarction for a patient with chest pain, but the actual diagnosis was a ruptured thoracic aortic aneurysm. This is an example of a:

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12. Most medication errors occur when drugs are being:

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13. A physician prescribes amoxicillin for a pediatric patient, unaware that the patient is allergic to penicillin. This is an example of an error in prescribing related to:

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14. Which is a correct statement regarding the prevention of medication errors?

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15. When administered high-alert medications, best practice includes:

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16. A 12-year-old male patient who is taking no medication is to undergo repair and pinning of a compound ankle fracture. After discussing pain medication options with the patient’s nurse, the patient, and his parents, and assessing the patient’s understanding of managing his pain, the anesthesia provider, with agreement by the surgeon, orders patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) for the patient’s immediate postoperative pain. This decision was based on the clinicians’ joint assessment of this pediatric patient’s:

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17. Recommendations to reduce the incidence of line and tubing misconnections include:

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18. Which is a correct statement about healthcare-associated infections?

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19. One of the most important, but sometimes overlooked, procedures common to practitioners in preventing all types of healthcare-related infections is:

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20. Which is a correct action for avoiding central line–associated bloodstream infections?

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21. An 89-year-old patient with mild dementia was recently started on antihypertensive medications and is attached to a heart monitor. During the night she gets up to go to the bathroom. She does not put on her footwear, does not use her walker, and does not turn on the lights. A nurse finds her lying on the floor just outside the bathroom door. Which two intrinsic factors could have contributed to her falling?

Test Question

22. A nonambulatory older adult patient is admitted to the hospital with a right arm fracture following a fall while attempting to rise from her wheelchair. After conducting a falls assessment, the clinician determines the patient is at high risk for another fall. Which intervention is appropriate to include in the patient’s care plan?

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23. Which problem is not considered a human-to-computer-related issue that could lead to error?

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24. Which is a charting guideline recommended to help prevent errors?

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25. An 85-year-old alert and oriented patient with congestive heart failure, hypertension, and diabetes enters the hospital with an ischemic stroke resulting in right-sided hemiplegia. On admission, the patient is most vulnerable for medical errors related to:

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26. Which characteristic common to children puts them at risk for adverse medical events?

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27. A recent study has found that the most common type of harmful pediatric medication error is due to:

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28. The most common reason for errors occurring when caring for a patient with low proficiency in English is:

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29. The primary goal of the Patient Safety Movement Foundation is to:

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30. Which preventable condition do Medicare and Medicaid not reimburse for if acquired during an inpatient stay?

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31. Which is a true statement about evidence-based practice (EBP)?

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32. What is the appropriate way to document a medication according to the Joint Commission’s “Do Not Use” list of abbreviations?

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33. The purpose for a root cause analysis of an error is to:

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34. A practice that promotes a culture of safety is:

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35. A culture that is systematically fair and nonarbitrary in determining system versus individual accountability is known as a:

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36. Visits by management (walkarounds) to clinical areas are done to:


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